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Aini

Palmerston North, New Zealand

Translate From: English (EN)

Translate To: Indonesian (ID)

234,679

Words Translated

12,059

Terms Translated

Aini’s Selected Translation Work

Terms and text shown below represent Aini’s contributions to TermWiki.com, a free terminology website and knowledge resource for the translation community.

stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1600447', 'url' => 'ID/Marxist_criticism', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'Marxis kritik', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'Marxis kritik', 1 => 'Literature', 2 => 'General literature', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'Marxis kritik', 'source_id' => 431172, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Literature', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'General literature', ), 'lastedit' => '20110918152729', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Pendekatan terhadap literatur yang berfokus pada isi ideologis dari karya-nya asumsi eksplisit dan implisit dan nilai-nilai tentang hal-hal seperti budaya, ras, kelas, dan kekuasaan. Kritik Marxis, sebagian besar didasarkan pada tulisan-tulisan Karl Marx, biasanya bertujuan tidak hanya mengungkapkan dan menjelaskan isu-isu ideologis tetapi juga mengoreksi ketidakadilan sosial. Beberapa kritikus Marxis menggunakan literatur untuk menggambarkan kepentingan sosial ekonomi yang bersaing yang terlalu sering memajukan kepentingan kapitalis seperti uang dan kekuasaan daripada kepentingan sosialis seperti moralitas dan keadilan. Mereka berpendapat bahwa sastra dan kritik sastra pada dasarnya politik karena mereka baik tantangan atau dukungan penindasan ekonomi. Karena penekanan kuat pada aspek-aspek politik dari teks, kritik Marxis lebih memfokuskan pada konten dan tema sastra dari pada bentuknya. Lihat juga kritik budaya, kritik historis, kritik sosiologis.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503604611570728962, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'Marxist criticism', 'Definition' => 'An approach to literature that focuses on the ideological content of a work—its explicit and implicit assumptions and values about matters such as culture, race, class, and power. Marxist criticism, based largely on the writings of Karl Marx, typically aims at not only revealing and clarifying ideological issues but also correcting social injustices. Some Marxist critics use literature to describe the competing socioeconomic interests that too often advance capitalist interests such as money and power rather than socialist interests such as morality and justice. They argue that literature and literary criticism are essentially political because they either challenge or support economic oppression. Because of this strong emphasis on the political aspects of texts, Marxist criticism focuses more on the content and themes of literature than on its form. See also cultural criticism, historical criticism, sociological criticism.', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Industry' => 'Literature', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'General literature', 'See Also' => 'diction_₁', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'WRJD', 'Creation Date' => '2010/11/10', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'Marxist_criticism', ))

English (EN)Marxist criticism

An approach to literature that focuses on the ideological content of a work—its explicit and implicit assumptions and values about matters such as culture, race, class, and power. Marxist criticism, based largely on the writings of Karl Marx, typically aims ...

Indonesian (ID)Marxis kritik

Pendekatan terhadap literatur yang berfokus pada isi ideologis dari karya-nya asumsi eksplisit dan implisit dan nilai-nilai tentang hal-hal seperti budaya, ras, kelas, dan kekuasaan. Kritik Marxis, sebagian besar didasarkan pada tulisan-tulisan Karl Marx, ...

Literature; General literature
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1692025', 'url' => 'ID/yield_₄', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'hasil', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'hasil', 1 => 'Natural environment', 2 => 'Water', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'hasil', 'source_id' => 110016, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Natural environment', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Water', ), 'lastedit' => '20111013203637', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'massa per satuan waktu per satuan luas', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503605012683554820, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'yield', 'Definition' => 'mass per unit time per unit area', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Industry' => 'Natural environment', 'Product Category' => 'Water', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'Jessehe', 'Creation Date' => '2010/7/18', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'yield_₄', ))

English (EN)yield

mass per unit time per unit area

Indonesian (ID)hasil

massa per satuan waktu per satuan luas

Natural environment; Water
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1244889', 'url' => 'ID/dromond', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'dromond', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'dromond', 1 => 'History', 2 => 'Medieval', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'dromond', 'source_id' => 186098, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'History', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Medieval', ), 'lastedit' => '20110514011009', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'kapal yang sangat besar, digunakan baik dalam damai dan perang.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503602956033851395, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'dromond', 'Definition' => 'very large ship used both in peace and war.', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Industry' => 'History', 'Product Category' => 'Medieval', 'Creation User' => 'Molly', 'Creation Date' => '2010/8/23', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'dromond', ))

English (EN)dromond

very large ship used both in peace and war.

Indonesian (ID)dromond

kapal yang sangat besar, digunakan baik dalam damai dan perang.

History; Medieval
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1611542', 'url' => 'ID/computer-assisted_presentation', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'presentasi yang dibantu komputer', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'presentasi yang dibantu komputer', 1 => 'Language', 2 => 'Public speaking', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'presentasi yang dibantu komputer', 'source_id' => 1498933, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Language', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Public speaking', ), 'lastedit' => '20110922182546', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Penggunaan perangkat lunak presentasi komersial untuk bergabung audio, visual, teks, grafis, dan komponen animasi.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503604665165545478, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'computer-assisted presentation', 'Definition' => 'The use of commercial presentation software to join audio, visual, text, graphic, and animated components.', 'Industry' => 'Language', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'Public speaking', 'Creation User' => 'apple.wood', 'Creation Date' => '2011/7/31', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'computer-assisted_presentation', ))

English (EN)computer-assisted presentation

The use of commercial presentation software to join audio, visual, text, graphic, and animated components.

Indonesian (ID)presentasi yang dibantu komputer

Penggunaan perangkat lunak presentasi komersial untuk bergabung audio, visual, teks, grafis, dan komponen animasi.

Language; Public speaking
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1075802', 'url' => 'ID/perception_threshold', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'ambang persepsi', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'ambang persepsi', 1 => 'Medical', 2 => 'Implants and interventional materials', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'ambang persepsi', 'source_id' => 45459, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Medical', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Implants and interventional materials', ), 'lastedit' => '20110417043559', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'titik di mana stimulasi menghasilkan sensasi batas persepsi stimulasi', 'usage_comment' => 'MT', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503602178147745793, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'perception threshold', 'Definition' => 'point at which stimulation first produces a sensation the lower limit of perception of the stimulation', 'Domain' => 'Documentation; Marketing; Other', 'Industry' => 'Medical', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'Implants and interventional materials', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Revision User' => 'Uwe', 'Revision Date' => '2010/6/11', 'Creation User' => 'Uwe', 'Creation Date' => '2010/6/11', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'perception_threshold', ))

English (EN)perception threshold

point at which stimulation first produces a sensation the lower limit of perception of the stimulation

Indonesian (ID)ambang persepsi

titik di mana stimulasi menghasilkan sensasi batas persepsi stimulasi

Medical; Implants and interventional materials
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1673114', 'url' => 'ID/cavity_walls', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'dinding rongga', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'dinding rongga', 1 => 'Natural environment', 2 => 'Climate change', 3 => 'BBC', 4 => '', ), 'term' => 'dinding rongga', 'source_id' => 107651, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Natural environment', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Climate change', ), 'company' => array ( 0 => 'BBC', ), 'lastedit' => '20111009204543', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Sebuah dinding terdiri dari dua lapis batu bata atau blok dipisahkan oleh rongga (kesenjangan). Ini ruang udara bertindak sebagai isolator, tapi tidak begitu lebih efektif jika diisi dengan bahan isolasi, seperti busa plastik atau bahan-bahan alami seperti wol atau koran daur ulang.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503604931834150915, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'cavity walls', 'Definition' => 'A wall comprising two layers of brick or block separated by a cavity (gap). This air space acts as an insulator, but does so more effectively if filled with an insulating material, such as plastic foam or natural materials like wool or recycled newspaper.', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Industry' => 'Natural environment', 'Product Category' => 'Climate change', 'Company' => 'BBC', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'Jessehe', 'Creation Date' => '2010/7/15', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'cavity_walls', ))

English (EN)cavity walls

A wall comprising two layers of brick or block separated by a cavity (gap). This air space acts as an insulator, but does so more effectively if filled with an insulating material, such as plastic foam or natural materials like wool or recycled newspaper.

Indonesian (ID)dinding rongga

Sebuah dinding terdiri dari dua lapis batu bata atau blok dipisahkan oleh rongga (kesenjangan). Ini ruang udara bertindak sebagai isolator, tapi tidak begitu lebih efektif jika diisi dengan bahan isolasi, seperti busa plastik atau bahan-bahan alami seperti ...

Natural environment; Climate change
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1231913', 'url' => 'ID/chai', 'image' => 'inideksiraj-1364084732.jpg; chai tea-1371561709.jpg', 'title' => 'chai', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'chai', 1 => 'Food (other)', 2 => 'Tea', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'chai', 'source_id' => 46210, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Food (other)', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Tea', ), 'lastedit' => '20130618132345', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'istilah Indian untuk teh, sering pendek untuk masala chai, atau teh dibumbui, yang terbuat dari teh hitam yang kuat dikombinasikan dengan susu, gula, dan rempah-rempah.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 264, 'height' => 191, '_version_' => 1503602894847344642, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'chai', 'Definition' => 'Indian term for tea, often short for masala chai, or spiced tea, which is made from strong black tea combined with milk, sugar, and spices.', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Industry' => 'Food (other)', 'Product Category' => 'Tea', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Revision User' => 'Jessehe', 'Revision Date' => '2010/6/12', 'Creation User' => 'Jessehe', 'Creation Date' => '2010/6/12', 'Sample Image' => 'inideksiraj-1364084732.jpg; chai tea-1371561709.jpg', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'chai', ))

English (EN)chai

Indian term for tea, often short for masala chai, or spiced tea, which is made from strong black tea combined with milk, sugar, and spices.

Indonesian (ID)chai

istilah Indian untuk teh, sering pendek untuk masala chai, atau teh dibumbui, yang terbuat dari teh hitam yang kuat dikombinasikan dengan susu, gula, dan rempah-rempah.

Food (other); Tea
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1242146', 'url' => 'ID/conditioned_suppression', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'supresi yang terkondisikan', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'supresi yang terkondisikan', 1 => 'Psychology', 2 => 'Behavior analysis', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'supresi yang terkondisikan', 'source_id' => 500281, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Psychology', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Behavior analysis', ), 'lastedit' => '20110513170215', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Penurunan tarif di hadapan stimulus netral sebelumnya yang memiliki karakteristik diawali acara aversive. (Misalnya, nada 3-menit yang telah berulang kali telah diikuti oleh shock yang kuat pada akhirnya akan menekan perilaku operant dalam penyelesaian ketika nada akan diperkenalkan.) Kadang-kadang disamakan dengan kecemasan.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503602943400607744, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'conditioned suppression', 'Definition' => 'A reduction in rate in the presence of a previously neutral stimulus which has characteristically preceded an aversive event. (E.g., a 3-minute tone which has repeatedly been followed by a strong shock will eventually suppress operant behavior in progress when the tone is introduced.) Sometimes equated with anxiety.', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Industry' => 'Psychology', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'Behavior analysis', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'Neh Bella', 'Creation Date' => '2010/12/6', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'conditioned_suppression', ))

English (EN)conditioned suppression

A reduction in rate in the presence of a previously neutral stimulus which has characteristically preceded an aversive event. (E.g., a 3-minute tone which has repeatedly been followed by a strong shock will eventually suppress operant behavior in progress ...

Indonesian (ID)supresi yang terkondisikan

Penurunan tarif di hadapan stimulus netral sebelumnya yang memiliki karakteristik diawali acara aversive. (Misalnya, nada 3-menit yang telah berulang kali telah diikuti oleh shock yang kuat pada akhirnya akan menekan perilaku operant dalam penyelesaian ketika ...

Psychology; Behavior analysis
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1241955', 'url' => 'ID/differential_reinforcement_of_paced_responses', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'diferensial penguatan tanggapan mondar-mandir', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'diferensial penguatan tanggapan mondar-mandir', 1 => 'Psychology', 2 => 'Behavior analysis', 3 => '', ), 'term' => 'diferensial penguatan tanggapan mondar-mandir', 'source_id' => 500162, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Psychology', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Behavior analysis', ), 'lastedit' => '20110513165143', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Waktu antara respon sebelumnya dan respon diperkuat ditentukan lebih sempit sebagai jatuh di antara batas-batas tertentu.', 'usage_comment' => '', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503602942628855808, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'differential reinforcement of paced responses', 'Definition' => 'Time between the preceding response and the reinforced response is specified more narrowly as falling between certain limits.', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Industry' => 'Psychology', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'Behavior analysis', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'Neh Bella', 'Creation Date' => '2010/12/6', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'differential_reinforcement_of_paced_responses', ))

English (EN)differential reinforcement of paced responses

Time between the preceding response and the reinforced response is specified more narrowly as falling between certain limits.

Indonesian (ID)diferensial penguatan tanggapan mondar-mandir

Waktu antara respon sebelumnya dan respon diperkuat ditentukan lebih sempit sebagai jatuh di antara batas-batas tertentu.

Psychology; Behavior analysis
stdClass::__set_state(array( 'id' => '1249590', 'url' => 'ID/dramaturgical_perspective', 'image' => '', 'title' => 'perspektif dematurgis', 'tags' => array ( 0 => 'perspektif dematurgis', 1 => 'Sociology', 2 => 'Criminology', 3 => 'Pearson Prentice Hall', 4 => '', ), 'term' => 'perspektif dematurgis', 'source_id' => 788840, 'type' => 'term', 'namespace' => 1364, 'nstext' => 'ID', 'industry' => array ( 0 => 'Sociology', ), 'category' => array ( 0 => 'Criminology', ), 'company' => array ( 0 => 'Pearson Prentice Hall', ), 'lastedit' => '20110514151126', 'part_of_speech' => 'noun', 'creation_user' => 'nunk0410', 'special_term' => '', 'definition' => 'Pandang teoritis yang menggambarkan perilaku manusia di sekitar manajemen tujuan tayangan interpersonal.', 'usage_comment' => 'MT', 'glossary' => '', 'width' => 0, 'height' => 0, '_version_' => 1503602982843842561, 'nstext_full' => 'Indonesian (ID)', 's_attr' => stdClass::__set_state(array( 'Term' => 'dramaturgical perspective', 'Company' => 'Pearson Prentice Hall', 'Definition' => 'A theoretical point of view which depicts human behavior as centered around the purposeful management of interpersonal impressions.', 'Domain' => 'Documentation', 'Industry' => 'Sociology', 'Part of Speech' => 'noun', 'Product Category' => 'Criminology', 'Synonym' => 'dramaturgy_₁', 'Usage Status' => 'New', 'Creation User' => 'M.Holmes', 'Creation Date' => '2011/2/23', 'Source Lang' => '1180', )), 's_namespace_text' => 'EN', 's_namespace_text_full' => 'English (EN)', 's_title' => 'dramaturgical_perspective', ))

English (EN)dramaturgical perspective

A theoretical point of view which depicts human behavior as centered around the purposeful management of interpersonal impressions.

Indonesian (ID)perspektif dematurgis

Pandang teoritis yang menggambarkan perilaku manusia di sekitar manajemen tujuan tayangan interpersonal.

Sociology; Criminology